10. Inclusion. All supply and demand related activities in Atal Bhujal Yojana will be designed to ensure that the vulnerable, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, women (particularly single women and households headed by women), minorities, small and medium farmers, and landless get included in the planning process and receive equitable access to benefits.
11. Participation. The provisions of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act and the corresponding state acts providing rights to participate directly and indirectly in the processes of economic development and social justice should be complied with. SPMUs/DPMUs shall ensure that provisions to support Panchayats in ensuring participatory processes and social inclusion is facilitated by Panchayat subcommittees dealing with water and WUAs.
12. Transparency and accountability. The other available practices of information disclosure and social accountability in the ongoing flagship programs of the GoI will be the guiding principles in ensuring that people are aware and duly informed of the development works in their village. NPMU/SPMU/DPMUs will ensure
compliance with provisions under The Right to Information Act
strong accountability mechanisms including vigilance systems,
community monitoring systems, and d) Dedicated, accessible, and responsive Grievance Redressal Systems.
2.2. Implementation Actions for Social Management
13. Land management. Land acquisition and its related adverse social impacts are not foreseen because of the type of program investments. Implementation of WSPs for groundwater management may require land for say drainage line treatment. These small structures such as nalah bund or check dams will be located on public/government/GP/common land. Hence, land acquisition is not envisaged in the Program.
14. Rights and interests of indigenous people and vulnerable groups. The socially vulnerable groups that are severely affected due to depleting quantity of groundwater including small and marginal farmers shall be supported through establishment of water sharing mechanisms that take into account that the limited resources ae also made available to the most vulnerable.
15. Participation, inclusions, and accountability:
SPMU/DPMUs shall ensure that the GPs and other community-based institutions such as the water user groups foster participatory management, planning, and implementation of participatory and community-led methodologies for effective local and regional impacts of the Program. The local-level budgeting and planning will use inclusive and participatory tools to ensure that all sections are included for collective ownership in the WSPs developed.
NPMU/SPMU/DPMUs shall promote social audit or other tools to assess its impact in terms of equity, access, benefit sharing, and accountability.
Access to GRM system under the Program MIS will be widely disseminated for submission of grievances /complaints for redressal.
16. Fragility and social conflict. Water dispute management is not expected to be a significant issue with Atal Bhujal Yojana as communication strategy will help in bringing about a collective change in perception about participatory management. Should an issue arise, the same shall be resolved at the appropriate level by the competent authority, considering the interests of all parties concerned.
2.3. Institutional responsibility of Social Management National
Prepare, manage, and build capacities of states on information monitoring systems to track social processes
Provide guidelines for engaging consultants and DIPs at state and district level
Prepare national-level IEC/behavior change campaigns with guidelines to states on statespecific activities
Manage and update capacity development calendar
Develop indicators and reporting mechanisms on social processes
Develop and streamline grievance redressal mechanisms
Coordinate with other departments
Engage consultants at state and district level for managing and support in management of social processes
Carry out capacity development activities
Carry out IEC/behavior change activities
Update MIS on social processes
Manage and collate grievances
Coordinate with other departments
Report to state level on social processes
Support the GPs on social processes
Manage water-sharing agreements across the GPs
Support local-level planning and implementation committees to carry out the activities for groundwater management
Prepare participatory plans
Facilitate social inclusion
Ensure community monitoring
2.4. Gender Strategy
20. SPMUs/DPMUs shall ensure participation of women in water budgeting and water security planning exercises by mandating the presence of at least 33 percent female members in the GP-level WUAs. Women will be trained on budgeting and planning, as well as monitoring implementation progress. Additionally, gender issues will be addressed in the meetings of the WUAs. Specific training and exposure visits will be organized to engage women in the project activities. To this effect, the Results Framework of the scheme will track the participation of women in the committee and Panchayat-level meetings, the gender disaggregated data on scheme beneficiaries and also the number of women-headed user committees shall be recorded for confirmation of participation of women in the scheme.
2.5. Governance and Accountability
21. The existing accountability mechanisms under the Right to Information Act and Rights to Services Act will be applicable during the implementation of Atal Bhujal Yojana.
2.6. Atal Bhujal Yojana Communication Strategy
22. The key objective of the IEC will be to raise awareness about deteriorating groundwater levels and the associated and impending impacts. Importance of the role of participation from all stakeholders, especially end users on the field will be presented. Based on principles of inclusion, transparency, and accountability, the IEC strategy should aim to enhance the ability of stakeholders to engage, influence local-level institutions and hold them accountable for their work.
23. The communications model advocated shall be a community-owned communication strategy that encourages civic engagement, where the community is part of the planning and monitoring process of the schemes. The methodology should be to seek to foster social, political, and institutional changes at different levels by building trust among implementers and the users, promoting a two-way communication, and exchanging knowledge and skills for a sustainable change in both availability of services and behavior that is consistent with facts on the ground. The detailed communication plans will be drawn out after an assessment of the communication needs.
2.7. Operations, Maintenance, and Withdrawal
24. The objective is to ensure that the assets created during the Program implementation phase are sustained and continue to yield benefits in the years to come. NPMU & SPMUs shall play key roles in ensuring that capacities at various levels shall be enhanced to make the program interventions self-sustainable. This will include both training and installation of the systems required to manage, inventory, and plan for maintenance.